The story explores the reasons causing deaths in Georgia. Among the data of the last 10 years (2006-2015), Mainly the statistics of 2015 is analyzed.
Almost every 76th person died of different reasons in 2015 in Georgia, considering the population of 3 713 700 and the number of deaths – 49 121. This is highest mortality index during the last 10 years. Herewith, since 2006 it has been increased with approximately 27,4 %.
National Statistics Office of Georgia identifies the causes of deaths. Results are analyzed according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD). This is a medical classification list by the World Health Organization, combining causes of different diseases and separating them into 19 sections.
Diseases of the circulatory system appeared to be the leading in 2015 in Georgia. Almost 42,6% of deaths were caused by the mentioned class, amounting 20916. Approximately 27% of mortality is associated with the symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings that are not elsewhere classified. The class of neoplasms takes the third place, amounting 6243, about 12,7%. Diseases of the respiratory system caused the death of 1803 people. 1427 people died of diseases of the digestive system and 1670 with injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes.
Top 6 classes are followed by more rare reasons of deaths. Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases provoked the death of 1092 people, while 564 died of diseases of nervous system, 512 of Certain infectious and parasitic diseases and 468 with diseases of the genitourinary system.
Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period caused the death of 345 people. The class of diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism is almost equal to the previous one, amounting 328.
152 people died of Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities. It is followed by Mental and behavioral disorders with 77 and diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue with 57 deaths. Geostat counts 44 cases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue diseases as the reasons of deaths. 19 women died with pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium consequences. The last two reasons causing the least deaths are diseases of Diseases of the eye and adnexa and diseases of Diseases of the ear and mastoid process, amounting 16 and 2.
Tendencies in the previous 10 years are approximately the same. Some classes interchange with each other, but the deaths caused by circulatory system, neoplasms and the symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings that are not elsewhere classified, remain top three.
The number of people dead with majority of classes has increased year by year. This tendency concerns the classes of the eye and adnexa, circulatory, respiratory and digestive systems, also diseases of skin and subcutaneous tissue and the blood, blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism. The highest number of people dead with mentioned classes was recorded in 2015. Until 2014, the increase tendency was observed in case of the diseases of: Certain infectious and parasitic diseases; Mental and behavioral disorders; Diseases of the nervous system; Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue; Diseases of the genitourinary system; Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities; And Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes. In 2015, the number of people dead because of these classes has decreased. In case of other diseases, no specific tendencies are observed.
ICD combines comprehensive reasons, including external and internal causes. If we leave just the category of diseases and take all the rest classes away, top 5 of diseases causing deaths will look like this:
Circulatory system maintains the first place, causing deaths of 11295 women and 9621 men in 2015. 2786 women and 3457 men could not defeat neoplasms. Respiratory system diseases won against 801 female and 1002 male. 414 women and 1256 men were led to death by the injuries, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes. Digestive system takes the 5th place causing deaths of 542 women and 885 men in 2015.
Identifying very concrete and the most common causes of death in top classes is also very interesting. Based on 2015 data, most frequently people die of chronical ischemic heart disease, hypertensive heart disease and heart failure that are caused by the circulatory system disorders. Cancer of bronchus, lungs, breast and stomach appeared to be the most common neoplasms. Respiratory system problems mostly caused pneumonia, respiratory failure or obstructive pulmonary diseases, while digestive system weakening frequently provokes liver fibrosis and cirosis, liver failure or peritonitis. In the class of Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes the tendency of traffic accidents, falling and self-injury is visible.vv
Source of information: National Statistics Office of Georgia
Research: Mortality by sex and causes of death: http://geostat.ge/index.php?action=page&p_id=164&lang=eng